Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape
Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape
The fourth issue, No. 4
Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape


 

The first page (No. 4, 2016)
Scientic Board, Content
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Authors: Kamila Dedio
Title: Classification of communes of the Małopolskie Voivodeship
         as regards selected factors of local development
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.4.7

Published: December 30, 2016   PDF [download]
The study is an attempt at classification of 182 communes (gminy) of the Małopolskie voivodeship from the point of view of chosen factors influencing their local development. The adopted set of variables included 5 thematic categories: demography, economy, infrastructure, environmental management and land management. The scope of the variables is related to availability of statistical material. The data were acquired form public statistical sources — CSO (GUS) Local Data Bank for 2013–2014. The classification was carried out by Ward’s hierarchical clustering method. The analysis led to isolation of factors shaping local development of a group of communes. It was demonstrated that in prevailing part of the studied area one main factor determines local development of these communes, namely environmental management.
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Authors: Joanna Gil-Mastalerczyk
Title: Stylistic changes in contemporary sacred architecture against the background
         of the ideological and artistic trends prevailing at the time (1971-2000)
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.4.35

Published: December 30, 2016   PDF [download]
In 1945, the time of dynamic political and social and economic changes begins in Poland, determining the creation of architecture, and also influencing its aesthetic qualities. This applies particularly to buildings and compounds of religious architecture — the free development of the latter was significantly hindered during this period. In the post-war period, only very few churches, built from scratch, were constructed within the area of the Archdiocese of Kraków. Until 1970, sacred construction projects, in terms of their architecture, were often expression of local capabilities, power of persuasion and perseverance of the designers and investors. Sometimes such projects stretched over a dozen or more years of complex implementations.
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Authors: Joanna Gil-Mastalerczyk
Title: Stylistic changes in contemporary sacred architecture against the background
         of the ideological and artistic trends prevailing at the time (1945–1970)
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.3.33

Published: December 30, 2016   PDF [download]
The aim of this research was an attempt at selecting areas suitable for economic activity in the Wieliczka district (powiat) that would meet specific exclusion criteria and then to carry out an analysis of their investment attractiveness. Economic activity in this study includes investment objects that could negatively impact the environment and human health. A spatial database consisted of 39 thematic layers divided into 12 groups. Digital maps were taken from the Digital Library of Małopolska. Spatial delimitation was carried out with the use of Geographic Information System (GIS) and the MapInfo Professional 8 software. The analysis allowed to choose two areas suitable for economic activity in the Gdów and Wieliczka municipalities. The results of the study suggest that economic activity can be located in the selected area because it equipped with rich investment infrastructure enhancing its attractiveness for investors.
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Authors: Tadeusz Głowacki, Piotr Grzempowski, Ewa Sudoł, Jarosław Wajs, Marcin Zając
Title: The assessment of the application of terrestrial laser scanning for measuring
         the geometrics of cooling towers
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.4.49

Published: December 30, 2016   PDF [download]
The investigation of technical condition of cooling towers is an important engineering issue. Regulations regarding safe operations of high structures force periodic measurements in order to determine technical state of such towers. This paper presents the processing methodology of laser scanning data and shows computation results of cooling tower W-1 shape changes. These results were referred to the designed shape of the tower in question. Tower surface displacements (deformations) are shown by plotting the deviations of the measured shape from the regular one. The determined changes in the surface shape are between — 20 cm and 5 cm. This article presents the evaluation of the technical condition of the W-1 cooling tower.
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Authors: Klemens Godek, Waldemar Krupiński, Agnieszka Szeptalin
Title: Analysis of the curvature of the river bend for regulation purposes
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.4.59

Published: December 30, 2016   PDF [download]
In order to determine the most appropriate geometrical parameters of regulated watercourses, this paper presents some ways to identify the natural course thereof. In addition to analysing the types of curves approximating the test object, the authors have also described the methods of studying the range of these curves.
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Authors: Julia Gorzelany, Justyna Janiczak, Magdalena Wilkosz-Mamcarczyk
Title: Impact on investment projects on the spatial order and the image perception of Zakopane town
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.4.71

Published: December 30, 2016   PDF [download]
The aim of this article is to determine the impact of the investment activities on the spatial order and the image perception of the city of Zakopane. The research is based upon the analysis of spatial planning in Poland, as a comprehensive action related to the rational management of space; as well as the survey (by questionnaire) carried out among 61 respondents. Activities carried out by public authorities and citizens, as well as the investment projects they undertake, have been having a huge impact on the spatial order, and on the perceived image of the analysed town. The changes, which have been made, affected the vertical and horizontal spatial infrastructure of the city, causing many problem situations related to the blurring of boundaries between areas of varying functions, and interfering with the spatial order through improper planning decisions, thus leading to disharmony between the newly created buildings and the already existing built environment.
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Authors: Sylwia Guzdek, Agnieszka Petryk
Title: Cooperation of agricultural producers in Poland
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.4.89

Published: December 30, 2016   PDF [download]
Agrarian fragmentation remains a key problem of Polish agriculture. An individual farm, regardless of its size, has no market power. Its market position among other producers and its bargaining power among consumers of agricultural products is negligible. One way to improve this situation is to support the formation of groups of agricultural producers. Horizontal integration of farmers leads to strengthening their bargaining power and thus to increasing their income. The article is descriptive and based on an analysis derived form scientific literature devoted to the topic. It presents the essential idea of cooperation between farmers in the form of producers’ groups and attempts to characterise activity of these groups in Poland in years 2001–2015. GAPs (groups of agricultural producers) undoubtedly have their advantages and disadvantages, but large number of small producers, increasing demands of the market, strong European competition and financial aid will undoubtedly stimulate further the process of forming producers’ groups in Poland.
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Authors: Jarosław Janus, Ewa John
Title: The issue of zoning fees — case study in Kraków
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.4.101

Published: December 30, 2016   PDF [download]
When a municipal council enacts local spatial development plan or its changes, the result may be an increase in real property value. And if such property is sold by an owner or its perpetual usufructuary in five years since the zoning plan or its changes are in force, a head of the commune or a city mayor are obliged to levy the so-called zoning fees. It is a one-time payment related to increase in real estate value due to resolution or change of local development plan, determined by the provisions of the Spatial Planning and Development Act of 27 March 2003. This study aims at presenting theoretical and practical aspects concerning zoning fees. The proceedings carried out in Kraków with regard to real properties under two local development plans: Opatkowice West and Opatkowice East have been analysed. Moreover, the article examines the impact of the amendment to the Spatial Planning and Development Act adopted on 10 August 2011, to embrace the judgement of the Constitutional Tribunal of 9 February 2010, file no. P 58/08. The analyses are based on data acquired from The Geodesy Department of the Kraków City Office.
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Authors: Jarosław Janus, Magdalena Łopacka
Title: Real estate cadastre versus land and buildings register in Poland, with the view to concepts’ identification
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.4.115

Published: December 30, 2016   PDF [download]
Currently in Poland, the problems associated with changes in the functioning of the institutions of the cadastre are becoming very topical. These include the problem of cadastre’s location within the structures of the State, the definition of its role and significance in the context of the functions and tasks that it should perform. When introducing the legal concept of real estate cadastre into circulation, the legislator stipulated that until the transformation of the existing land and buildings register is completed, the term cadastre is to signify precisely these land and buildings register. Therefore, a problem arises, concerning the consequences of the parallel use, and the interchangeability of the two terms: ‘land and buildings register’, and ‘cadastre’, each of which have their historical, legal and technical references and implications. In this publication, we carry out an analysis of historical and current conditions for the functioning of the land and buildings register, and the real estate cadastre, in terms of the current legislation.

 

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Authors: Joanna Jaroszewicz, Lidia Piotrowska
Title: Implementation of the inspire directive in Poland in the scope of spatial data ‘land use’ theme
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.4.125

Published: December 30, 2016   PDF [download]
The article presents the issues linked to the implementation of the INSPIRE Directive in Poland, within the scope of the spatial data ‘land use’ theme. We present legal regulations in the field of Spatial Information Infrastructure, the tasks of the lead authority in this topic, the participation of other bodies and agencies in the implementation of the tasks of the lead authority, the manner of implementation of these tasks, as well as reflections of the authors upon the changes in competencies and responsibilities, related in particular to the placement of the Chief State Surveyor under the supervision of the minister responsible for construction, planning, zoning, and housing.

 

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Authors: Magda Pluta
Title: Spatial planning in Poland in the context of ‘inspire’ rules and amendment to the spatial planning and development act
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.4.159

Published: December 30, 2016   PDF [download]
Spatial planning is a vital aspect of social and economic development of a country. Spatial planning in Poland is regulated by the Spatial Planning and Development Act of 27 March 2003 and should be implemented in conformity with the EU Directive Establishing an Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community (INSPIRE). In the study an assessment of the spatial planning system in Poland in the light of existing legislation has been carried out, and a SWOT analysis has been performed, showing the planning’ strengths and weaknesses, opportunities and threats, and the most immediate needs to be met — in the context of amendments currently being drafted — have been indicated.

 

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Authors: Barbara Prus
Title: Exclusion of lands from agricultural production and urban pressure — case study
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.4.169

Published: December 30, 2016   PDF [download]
Though agricultural lands are subject to legal protection limiting their use for non-agricultural purposes, recent research shows that investment areas are becoming larger at the cost of agricultural production areas. The analysis of cases in which lands have been excluded from agricultural production within Ropczyce-Sędziszów district (powiat), covering the period of 15 years, confirms that the change of area of particular lands is taking place. The biggest change affected grasslands and arable lands. The lands excluded from agricultural production are transformed into single-family housing, recreational and communication areas. Moreover the research allowed to show similarities in communes (gminy) with respect to lands excluded from agricultural production. The communes were singled out that were homogeneous as regards exclusion carried out in years 1999-2014. The choice of a research unit — Ropczyce-Sędziszów district — is determined by accessibility of data regarding exclusions and the fact the district is regarded as a unit with an average outlook for socioeconomic development. Simple statistical methods, quantitative analyses and a method of spatial taxonomy were used in the research.

 

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