Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape
Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape
The first issue, No. 1
Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape


 

The first page (No. 1, 2013)
Scientic Board, Content
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Authors: Maciej Brożek, Marek Możdżeń, Jacek M. Pijanowski
Title: CULTURAL LANDSCAPE POTENTIAL AND LOCAL STRATEGIES OF RURAL AREA DEVELOPMENT
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2013.1.7

Published: 26 April 2013PDF[download]
The article presents results of research and implementation studies conducted at the University of Agriculture in Krakow within the project VITAL LANDSCAPES realized with the support of the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme funded by the EU. The research covered the area of the manor and park complex funded by the family of von Nostitz in Mściwojów. Project activities involved innovative combination of advanced 3D visualizations with the participation of local communities and decision-makers for the valorisation of local cultural landscape assets, which were regarded as important elements of local rural development strategies.
Activities towards developing local strategies are now an important trend in Europe. They usually engage local and subregional stakeholders in the development processes in rural areas with special emphasis on the development of strategy concepts, in accordance with the principles of Agenda 21.
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Authors: Jacek Gniadek, Stanisław Harasimowicz, Jarosław Janus, Jacek M. Pijanowski
Title: ANALYSIS OF LAND CONFIGURATION OF ARABLE LANDS CASE STUDY OF MŚCIWOJÓW
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2013.1.19

Published: 26 April 2013PDF[download]
The article contains the results of research on arable land configuration in Mściwojów. To determine the basic qualities of land configuration the following software was employed: MKTopo GUTR, Plikpol, Pole. The basic surface elements assumed for research were plots, defined as continuous parts of cadastral plots utilized only in one way. The analysis covered spatial parameters of the plots, estimated land configuration related cultivation costs, location of the land in the village and farm and basic features of the farm. The obtained results allowed to define the degree of influence of land configuration on the costs connected with cultivation and to determine if correction of land layout is necessary.
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Authors: Agnieszka Szeptalin, Mariusz Zygmunt
Title: DATA PREPARATION FOR THE PURPOSES OF 3D VISUALIZATION
Paweł Gryboś, Marika Kaletowska, Urszula Litwin, Jacek M. Pijanowski,
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2013.1.31

Published: 26 April 2013PDF[download]
The article presents a method of preparing input data for 3D visualizations. The authors implemented the proposed procedure when they were working on a visualization, with use of Autodesk 3ds Max software.
The test object were the ruins of a historic grange that belonged to the Nostitz family in Mściwojów (Mściwojów commune, Jaworski district, Lower-Silesia Voivodeship). After surveying the area and analyzing the data, using MicroStation with a geodetic application MK (Mapa Kontekstowa — context map), a Digital Terrain Model (DTM) was created along with contour lines, with use of Data Acquisition (a tool in some programs of Bentley). Next, the models of spatial objects were created using the authors’ software Vital Landscapes Tools, developed during the EU CENTRAL EUROPE program. It was the basis for development of a visualization of current land management, using the software Autodesk 3ds Max. This allowed the design of the future land management of the historic grange so that the landscape balance is maintained.
The data processed in this manner can be used for photorealistic visualizations in Autodesk 3ds Max or other graphical software.
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Authors: Bogusława Kwoczyńska
Title: THE APPLICATION OF GROUND-BASED AND AERIAL PHOTOS IN SURVEYING
          AND VISUALIZING ARCHITECTURAL OBJECTS IN MŚCIWOJÓW
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2013.1.41

Published: 26 April 2013PDF[download]
The article presents the possibility of using pictures taken with aerial and ground-based metric measuring cameras in surveying and visualizing architectural objects. The areas of interest include historic and damaged buildings belonging to the farm complex in Mściwojów, in Lower Silesia. To prepare vector architectural drawings, digital photogrammetric station Delta, as well as a digital autograph VSD were used. The digital terrain model was generated on the basis of aerial photographs, and the visualization of the whole village with the body of water in Mściwojów was developed using MicroStation software.
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Authors: Urszula Litwin, Jacek M. Pijanowski, Agnieszka Szeptalin, Mariusz Zygmunt
Title: APPLICATION OF SURFER SOFTWARE IN DENSIFICATION OF DIGITAL TERRAIN MODEL (DTM)
          GRID WITH THE USE OF SCATTERED POINTS
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2013.1.51

Published: 26 April 2013PDF[download]
This article explores the problem related to preparing the digital data used for 3D visualizations on big areas. Because of the frequent problem of having only a small amount of such data the authors introduce a technology allowing densification of the data that make up the Digital Terrain Model. This is where SURFER software finds its application. These methods are sufficient to generate images for landscape visualization.
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Authors: Lukas Löschner, Georg Neugebauer, Gernot Stöglehner
Title: LANDSCAPE DIALOGUES — DISCUSSING LANDSCAPE ISSUES WITH LOCAL PEOPLE
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2013.1.63

Published: 26 April 2013PDF[download]
Human impacts on landscapes pose serious threats to Central European landscapes (e.g. urban sprawl, land consumption and loss of landscape diversity and biodiversity) and consequently, influence quality of life as landscapes are a key factor in individual and social wellbeing and affect everybody. Therefore, public participation is an issue of great significance when elaborating visions and action plans for sustainable landscape development. In order to implement participatory discussion of landscape issues, “landscape dialogues” in the Austrian LEADER region Mühlviertler Kernland were organised in the framework of the Vital Landscapes project. The introduced method proved to be an adequate instrument to create awareness and to give local people a forum to elaborate on visions and concrete actions for sustainable landscape development. In the course of the “landscape dialogues”, complex issues of landscape development, e.g. the renewal of village cores, the cultivation of low-productive grasslands, the management of small-structured landscape elements as well as the increase of renewable energy use were addressed and gave impulses in some involved municipalities to continue the discussion in communicative and participatory planning processes within the Local Agenda 21 framework.
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Authors: Izabela Piech
Title: GEODETIC AND PHOTOGRAMMETRIC MEASUREMENTS
          IN THE AREA OF HISTORIC GRANGE IN MŚCIWOJÓW
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2013.1.73

Published: 26 April 2013PDF[download]
Digital photogrammetry is a field of photogrammetry in which aerial and ground photographs, obtained either directly from digital cameras or from scans of photogrammetric photographs. These photographs are processed by special software. Digital photogrammetry is an important step in the development of this field, because of the application of computers. Photogrammetric methods make working with an object more comfortable, as no direct contact with the object is required. Methods and solutions employed by todays photogrammetry have become very useful in many engineering and industrial aspects (measurements of deformations, surveying measurements).
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Authors: Jacek M. Pijanowski, Artur Radecki-Pawlik, Andrzej Wałęga, Jakub Wojkowski
Title: EVALUATION OF SOIL WATER EROSION RISK IN THE MŚCIWOJÓW WATER RESERVOIR
          DRAINAGE BASIN ON THE BASIS OF NUMERIC MODELLING
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2013.1.83

Published: 26 April 2013PDF[download]
The paper presents the evaluation of soil water erosion risk of the Mściwojów water reservoir drainage basin. In the present study, modelling with the use of GIS (Geographical Information Systems) and RUSLE (Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation) erosion models were exploited. Values of topographic factor (LS) were calculated after formulas proposed by Moore et al. [1991] as well as Desmet and Govers [1996].
The results of erosion prognosis by means of RUSLE method after Moore’s formula are by 40% higher than values evaluated after Desmet and Gover’s formula. Eroded soil mean mass from area unit during the year is estimated at the level of 10.35–14.53 Mg • ha–1 • year–1, depending on computable formula used. Results of this research enabled to divide the drainage basin area into soil water erosion intensity zones based on predicted soil loss values according to Marks et al. [1989]. The study shows that water erosion risk of soil in the Mściwojów water reservoir drainage basin is very high. Almost one third of its area is located in the high and very high class of erosion risk.
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Authors: Peter Podolák
Title: IMPACT OF DISPARITIES IN SETTLEMENT AND POPULATION DEVELOPMENT
          ON CULTURAL LANDSCAPE
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2013.1.97

Published: 26 April 2013PDF[download]
The paper is focused on the selected problems of the cultural landscape in the attractive hinterland of Bratislava, in the region under the slopes of the Little Carpathian Mountains. The principal turn in the migration balance of the largest cities is one of the most typical traits of the change that has manifested in the spatial movement of population after 1990. Bratislava, with the concentration of almost all basic human activities in the area, has become much lower in density due to intensive migration. This change is due to suburbanisation and deconcentration of the regional population. The building of large concentrations of new residential areas in the hinterland, is in many cases, in contradiction with values of traditional cultural landscape. The quoted example would be adjust to historical vineyards.
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Authors: Agnieszka Policht-Latawiec
Title: ASSESSMENT OF WATER INFLOWING, STORED AND FLOWING AWAY FROM
          MŚCIWOJÓW RESERVOIR
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2013.1.107

Published: 26 April 2013PDF[download]
The hydrochemical analyses of water inflowing, stored and flowing away from Mściwojów water reservoir were conducted from April to November 2012. Measured were 27 physicochemical indices of surface water sampled at 8 dates from four measurement-control points. Analysis of results revealed that water inflowing into Kałużnik river was the best quality — corresponded to class III, but only due to nitrate nitrogen. In the water Wierzbiak from the river, only two from among 16 indices exceeded class II (nitrate nitrogen and phosphates). Water in the reservoir was classified to quality class III because of the temperature and BOD5, similar as water flowing away from the reservoir. Moreover, the paper assessed usable values of inflowing water, stored in the reservoir and flowing away from it. On the basis of the analysis, it was stated that water cannot be supplied to people since it does not meet the requirements stated in the Minister’s regulations concerning the conditions of the natural habitat of cyprinids and salmonids.

 

 

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