Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape
Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape
The first issue, No. 1
Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape


 

The first page (No. 1, 2014)
Scientic Board, Content
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Authors: Elżbieta Węcławowicz-Bilska, Jakub Błachut
Title: THE NEEDS AND ASPIRATIONS OF RESIDENTS OF MOUNTAIN AREAS
          AS IMPLEMENTED IN SPATIAL PLANNING
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2014.1.7

Published: 19 April 2014PDF[download]
System planning based on specific research and analyses allows one to make a diagnosis of spatial phenomena occurring in a particular area. The main goal of spatial planning is to mitigate conflicts and create spatial framework for satisfying social needs. Spatial planning can therefore be regarded as the best tool of providing the conditions in which the needs and aspirations of the people are met and fulfilled. Together with spatial order and sustainable development spatial planning ensure attractive space, which in the competitive development of cities and regions becomes the most important matter. Many specialists considered this condition to be essential for the economic prosperity of the city and the region. Moreover, the spatial design and arrangement clearly define the level of a society and civilization.
After outlining the spatial planning system in Poland and presenting the conditions for land use planning in mountainous areas the article refers to the social aspirations, conditions of the demographic situation and requirements of the economic activity. Then an attempt was made to articulate the fundamental problems and conflicts that occur in mountain areas. Finally, tasks and options to mitigate these conflicts and ways to meet the needs of people in the planning were presented.
Mountainous areas with their characteristics make it necessary to carry out the spatial planning work not only locally but also at the regional level. This work is usually preceded by detailed studies that can provide the necessary information to improve the economic development of the area, while maintaining the existing natural and cultural environment. This will more than likely increase the chance of spatial transformations in the region.
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Authors: Marian Hopkowicz, Stanisław M. Rybicki
Title: ENERGETIC AND ENGINEERING MUNICIPAL INFRASTRUCTURE IN FORMING
          THE DEVELOPMENT QUALITY OF THE POLISH CARPATHIANS
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2014.1.19

Published: 19 April 2014PDF[download]
The reduction of the disproportions between municipal infrastructure between rural and urban areas is one of crucial aspects of equalization of standards of life in mountainous area. Paper describes specific problems related to construction and operation of water supply and sewage systems in Polish Carpathian region, where on the one hand, the infrastructure expenses per capita, especially in case of water supply and sewage, are much higher in rural areas than in cities, and on the other hand the infrastructure investments in mountain areas prove to be much more effective than in the case of lowland regions of the same voivodeship. Similar investigations were made with respect to the energy infrastructure. The energy infrastructure problems identified in Carpathian area cannot be solved without strong restrictions in terms of air protection. Paper presents special solutions, dedicated to these specific regions, for hot water heating, district heating systems and ventilation with lower demand for primary energy (fossil fuels). The general idea assumes that the system would consist of a local heating network conveying heat to the buildings which would not have to be equipped with heating boilers. Such a concept could be a model solution for a large part of the Polish Carpathians, considering the large potential of available biomass as well as the mastered technologies of biogas production.
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Authors: Aldona Kawęcka, Jędrzej Krupiński
Title: SHEEP IN THE POLISH CARPATHIANS: GENETIC RESOURCES CONSERVATION
          OF THE PODHALE ZACKEL AND COLOURED MOUNTAIN SHEEP
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2014.1.35

Published: 19 April 2014PDF[download]
Native breeds of sheep in the Polish Carpathians (Polish Mountain Sheep, Podhale Zackel, Coloured Mountain Sheep) are very well adapted to the local environmental conditions, undemanding in feed and highly resistant to adverse living conditions. They play an important role in rural tourism as a component of landscape, folk culture and supplier of many valuable products. To save local breeds from extinction and preserve valuable characteristics in the population they were included in the sheep genetic resources conservation program, while the national agri-environmental program provides breeders with financial support. Podhale Zackels accompanied man during the period when the wild Carpathian areas were being settled and became a permanent feature of the highlander economy and culture. Coloured Mountain Sheep were kept by mountaineers due to the dark hue of their wool and skin, used to produce regional dresses and decorative elements. Mountain breeds are a multipurpose sheep. They give milk for production of traditional products (oscypek, bundz,bryndza ,redykolka, żentyca), wool and delicious meat. Podhale Lamb, derived from mountain sheep, gained the status of Protected Geographical Indication.
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Authors: Piotr Langer
Title: THE ROLE OF PLANNING IN THE MOUNTAIN REGIONS AS EXEMPLIFIED
          BY MINING AREAS MANAGEMENT
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2014.1.47

Published: 19 April 2014PDF[download]
It is clear from what we know about the various deposits of mineral resources in Poland that Polish mountain areas are rich in minerals. This applies especially to the Sudetes, the Świętokrzyskie Mountains, and some areas of the Carpathians. They were or still are the site of mining activity in many of its forms (underground, surface and hole mining). These activities have various effects, such as changing the specific spatial elements and interference with the natural and cultural landscape. This is particularly important in the mountain regions which are attractive to the tourist and fulfil recreational and spa functions. From the analysis of the Polish law a conclusion can be drawn that mining activity is generally excluded from the planning system, which has a significant impact on the mountain area and on a subsequent use of post-mining heritage.
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Authors: Zenon Pijanowski
Title: MOUNTAIN AND HILLY AREAS DEVELOPMENT IN POLAND — ASPECTS OF AGRICULTURAL POLICY
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2014.1.57

Published: 19 April 2014PDF[download]
This study is an attempt to assess the development of agricultural, rural and mountain areas in Poland from 1918 to 2012 with regard to structural policy conceived as a part of the agricultural policy. The paper describes the methodology and organizational requirements for modernizing or creating new investment process that would shape and develop rural areas.
Under Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) implemented in Poland mountain and hilly areas were designated for development. However, financial support for these regions is minimal. Rural and especially mountain areas of Małopolska have very disadvantageous agrarian structure. The economical size of about 86% of farms does not exceed 2 on the ESU scale.
The agricultural and forest production areas have marginal significance in spatial development plans of the communes. This is the reason why these areas require new land management programs, which should be preceded by a thorough analysis of the status quo. Engagement of citizens, village councils and community authorities united under the banner of “Family + Tradition + Education + Innovation” is required in the elaboration process of these programs. These engineering projects should be financed through the CAP and cohesion policy funds.
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Authors: Stanisław Sorys
Title: THE IMPACT OF EUROPEAN FUNDS ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL AREAS
          IN MAŁOPOLSKA — EXPECTATIONS AND OPPORTUNITIES
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2014.1.79

Published: 19 April 2014PDF[download]
In recent years a powerful development process for public (so called “hard”) and social investments in the rural areas has been observed. The quality of the countryside has changed at an unprecedented rate, due to the use of EU funds. We are now at the beginning of the next financial cycle. It is a suitable moment to reflect and analyze the effects of our social and economic actions. Such a reflection would have a positive impact on the effective spending of funds by our country in the next financial cycle.
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Authors: Michał Żemła
Title: FOREIGN TOURISTS ON HIKING TRAILS IN POLISH MOUNTAINS
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2014.1.95

Published: 19 April 2014PDF[download]
The paper presents some insights into the topic of foreign tourists visiting Polish mountains, especially for hiking tours. The author used a method of combining the data gathered from the questionnaire sent to all operators of Polish mountain huts with the analysis of statistical data of PTTK Wisła and a short survey conducted among Czech and Slovak tourists. The result of the study confirmed that the number of foreign tourists participating in hiking in Poland is small and that they are generally unknown as a group. Also, the structure of this group is a bit surprising, as the number of German tourists is comparable or even higher than those from Slovakia and the Czech Republic sharing the same mountain ranges with Poland. Managers of mountain huts do not make much of an effort to attract tourists from abroad. Their main advertising is conducted through their web pages in English. As a result, Slovak and Czech tourists do not perceive the Polish mountains as a good place to hike. There is little consensus as to the reasons for this situation. The responses from the mountain huts managers were inconsistent and inconclusive. Generally, they agree that Polish mountains are attractive site of tourist activity. However, it turns out that the tourists prefer hiking in their own countries where they can find even more attractive and developed areas.

 

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