Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape
Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape
The first issue, No. 1
Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape


 

The first page (No. 1, 2015)
Scientic Board, Content
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Authors: Uchendu Eugene Chigbu, Vache Kalashyan
Title: LAND-USE PLANNING AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION IN BAVARIA, GERMANY:
          TOWARDS A PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION APPROACH TO LAND-USE PLANNING
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2015.1.7

Published: 13 May 2015PDF[download]
Germany has notable land management and planning traditions. As part of their formal responsibilities, local governments have powers to regulate and structure their areas and landscapes through land-use planning. They use it to prepare and guide land-uses for development purposes in municipalities. This study presents the Bavarian experience of land-use planning in relation to public administration. The study emanated from a research conducted at Technische Universität München and funded by the German Academic Exchange Service. It uses data from semi-structured interviews with land management experts, mayors and public administrators at different levels of public administration. The authors used these interviews to discern the scope, nature and role of public administration of land-uses at either the local or regional scale. It led to four findings. The two major ones being that: first, based on good governance principles, there are contradictions in the administration of land-use planning in Germany. Second, there are no harmonised criteria for assessing the efficiency and effectiveness of land-use planning administration. By way of recommendation, it suggests an efficiency assessment criteria and method of land-use planning through public administration, among others suggestions.
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Authors: Julia Gorzelany-Plesińska, Monika Rewkowska
Title: MANAGEMENT OF COMMUNAL LAND AND PROPERTY RESOURCES IN THE CONTEXT
          OF MUNICIPAL DEVELOPMENT — THE EXAMPLE OF BOBOLICE MUNICIPALITY
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2015.1.19

Published: 13 May 2015PDF[download]
The article contains the analysis and evaluation of the management of communal land and property resources, or the real estate pool, in the Bobolice municipality, as well as the impact of the said management on the municipality’s development. The analysis consisted in the assessment of municipal real estate management from the point of view of the municipal finance and economy. Reports from the municipal budget implementation for the years 2009–2013 have been assessed, with the focus on costs and revenues pertaining to municipal real estate resources. Subsequently, indices have been proposed, which determine whether the management of communal land and property resources has an impact upon municipal development. Values which the indices have reached served to demonstrate that the revenue from municipal real estate is so low as it cannot significantly stimulate the development of the municipality, whereas the costs of preparing the real estate for investment purposes was not covered. However, when municipal investment is taken into account, it should be stated that the management of communal land and property resources does support municipal development of the studied municipality in a long-term perspective. The article shows the management of communal land and property resources through the lens of financial indices, however, there are also non-financial factors, which have a significant impact on the effectiveness of real estate management in the given municipality.
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Authors: Jarosław Janus, Jarosław Taszakowski
Title: THE IDEA OF RANKING IN SETTING PRIORITIES FOR LAND CONSOLIDATION WORKS
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2015.1.31

Published: 13 May 2015PDF[download]
Functioning conditions of agriculture are closely related to the spatial structure of rural areas, which is one of the most important factors influencing profitability of agricultural production. Essential changes in rural space can be effected in a short period of time only as a result of land management works. The scope of these works is limited because the financial resources are often insufficient. As a result, scarce funds must be distributed in such a way as to ensure their flow to where they are mostly needed or where the return on investment, in the form of improvement of farming conditions, would be the highest [Błaż et al. 2010, Gawroński 2005].
The article presents the idea of creating multicriteria ranking of surveying sections of Małopolskie Voivodeship aimed at identifying areas that should be the subject of land management works in the first place. It is suggested that to achieve this goal databases of rural areas in the Małopolska region, including data from the descriptive and graphic part of the land and building register as well as digital orthophotomap.
Voivodeship authorities, having access to the results of the proposed calculation process, could play an important role in programming the land management works.
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Authors: Igor Perovych, Daria Kereush
Title: TRANSFORMATION OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2015.1.45

Published: 13 May 2015PDF[download]
One of the methods of land transformation is linear programming method, which is called the simplex method. Its application allows us quickly and efficiently to build a model of optimal use of land resources and helps to find such combination of the lands, that allows us to obtain the maximum yield in money equivalent with given resources. The application of methods of remote sensing (RS) as spatial information to solve the problems of land management, including land transformation, becomes the most optimal in modern conditions.
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Authors: Holger Magel
Title: WHERE IS THE RURAL TERRITORIAL DEVELOPMENT GOING?
          REFLECTIONS ON THE THEORY AND PRACTICE
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2015.1.55

Published: 13 May 2015PDF[download]
This paper presents the results of broad analyses of current situations in the field of rural development in Bavaria and the Federal Republic of Germany. It focuses on programs and European Union legal and financial frameworks in the years 2014–2020. The author proposes many ideas or approaches that can be applicable to all rural development actors, such as politicians, local governments administrators, scientists and local communities. In addition, the author presents own experiences as a former Head of Department and Director General of the Bavarian Administration of Rural Development in the Bavarian State Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Forestry. Also, the author’s experience as a university professor is invaluable. Its conclusions evoke further research and implementation for projects in the field of rural development, for both research and teaching institutions and administration at all levels — from European Union to the municipal level.
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Authors: Marek Ślusarski
Title: BDOT500 DATABASE OF PHYSICAL TOPOGRAPHIC OBJECTS — BASIC QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2015.1.69

Published: 13 May 2015PDF[download]
Official databases, which gather spatial data, should include sets of metadata, which serve to describe the information within. The fundamental element of a metadata set consists in the features describing the quality and relative importance of geospatial data. In the present work, we propose a method for the evaluation of database quality pertaining to databases of topographic objects (BDOT500) based on four criteria: location accuracy, completeness, validity (in the sense of being up to date) and logical coherence. Overall quality evaluation of the BDOT500 database was carried out using the calculation of two estimation factors: average absolute value and the coefficient of average variation. The method described herein is a useful device, which allows for a quick and credible evaluation of the BDOT500 data quality at a basic level. Applying the method does not require involving any additional means, as all the necessary information is already recorded inside the database.
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