Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape
Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape
The first issue, No. 1
Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape


 

The first page (No. 1, 2016)
Editorial Board, Content
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Authors: Stanisław Bacior, Anna Pietraszek
Title: SELECTED LAND MARKETING TOOLS. PART ONE:
         A METHOD OF ASSESSING IMPACT OF LINEAR INVESTMENTS ON ARABLE LANDS
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.1.7

Published: 4 May 2016PDF [download]
The first part of the paper presents a method of assessing impact of a motorway on arable lands, which can be used as a tool for estimation of losses resulting from a motorway’s construction. The method of simplified assessment of impact of linear investments on the spatial structure of arable lands is analysed in detail. The losses were determined in a detailed analysis of variations in land use, soil quality class, layout of access roads leading to lands situated along the axis of a planned motorway. The accepted measure of multidirectional impact of a motorway on arable lands is expressed in change of lands’ value. This method can be applied as a tool for selection of optimal motorway route and its preparation for buying or exchange of part of lands designated for investment.
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Authors: Stanisław Bacior, Anna Pietraszek
Title: SELECTED LAND MARKETING TOOLS. PART TWO: APPLICATION OF THE PROPOSED METHOD
         OF ASSESSING IMPACT OF A MOTORWAY ON ARABLE LANDS
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.1.13

Published: 4 May 2016PDF [download]
The second part of the paper analyses the method of assessing impact of motorways on arable lands, proposed in the first part. The method can be used to determine all the losses resulting from different directions of this impact. The losses are determined in an analysis of variations in land use, soil quality class, layout of access roads leading to lands situated along the axis of a planned motorway. The method is especially useful at the initial planning of a motorway or at evaluation of its routes’ variants, because it is simple and helps to determine a negative impact of a motorway on arable lands with adequate accuracy.
The impact of a motorway on arable lands is exemplified by a Tarnów – Rzeszów section of an existing A4 motorway. The section is 7.136 km long and it runs through Borowa, Wewiórka and Góra Motyczna villages. The outcomes were compared with an alternative variant of the motorway’s route in this section.
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Authors: Henryk Bryś, Natalia Justyniak
Title: MATHEMATICAL-PHYSICAL MODEL OF HORIZONTAL REFRACTION IN MEASURING ALIGNMENT
         OF ELONGATED ENGINEERING OBJECTS
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.1.25

Published: 4 May 2016PDF [download]
While performing geodesic tasks of highest fidelity in machinery production plants, ironworks, rolling mills etc. — including monitoring of the geometry of production lines, geodesic measurements of dislocations and deformations of gravity dams and many other kinds of geodesic tasks, laser alignmetric methods have been used for decades. An important disadvantage of these simple optical methods lies in the negative impact of geodetic refraction on the path of the laser beam. This paper presents a theoretical mathematical-physical model for calculating refraction adjustment (line corrections) including a sample calculation.
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Authors: Joanna Gil-Mastalerczyk
Title: MULTIFUNCTIONAL CHARACTER OF RELIGIOUS COMPLEXES OF THE 1970' AND 1980'
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.1.33

Published: 4 May 2016PDF [download]
The buildings policy in the 1970’ and 1980’, as well as the transformation of the Catholic Church itself and its new functions, found its expression in the architecture and functional programme of religious complexes in Poland. Significant evolution in architecture enriched the functional programme. Broad activity of the Church led to the creation of comprehensive functional programmes, by which the space of constructed objects grew larger and sometimes exceeded the actual demand. Social programme of new churches was also taken into account. Many new parishes quickly became not only places of worship, as separate temples, but also educational, charity, entertainment or cultural centres, and focal points of independent public life. The bulk of temple, in principle taking a dominant place, was linked with a complex of other buildings that previously had completely different character and functions.
Architecture of religious objects and complexes of that period, thanks to their diversity and specificity of functions, still remains original and significant.
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Authors: Karol Król, Barbara Prus, Tomasz Salata
Title: GEOPORTAL 2: NATIONWIDE NETWORK NODE OF S PATIAL INFORMATION — DESCRIPTION
         OF ITS CHARACTERISTICS AND AN ATTEMPT AT EVALUATION OF SELECTED FUNCTIONALITIES
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.1.47

Published: 4 May 2016PDF [download]
For more than a decade now, in the EU countries in particular, we observe significant advances in the development of regional geoportals, created by various public administration units. This has resulted, above all, from: legal regulations, an increased demand for geospatial information, and the development of mobile and geo-information technologies.
At present, there are several hundred official mapping services on the Internet, making available databases of geospatial information of varying character. One of these is the map portal called Geoportal 2. One of the distinguishing features of the service is the fact that it provides access to geospatial data with the administrative data status, including land registry data. Despite regulatory limitations related to data processing, the Geoportal 2 is one of the most popular and most frequently chosen specialist map services in Poland. The goal of the paper is to present the Geoportal 2, describe its characteristics, and evaluate selected functionalities available within the mapping service.
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Authors: Przemysław Leń, Monika Mika, Justyna Wójcik-Leń
Title: ESTIMATION OF THE SIZE OF THE EXTERNAL LAND PATCHWORK BASED ON TEST AREAS
         IN PODKARPACKIE VOIVODSHIP IN POLAND
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.1.65

Published: 4 May 2016PDF [download]
The article presents the results of estimation of the external land patchwork size in villages Konieczkowa and Lutcza, in the Niebylec commune, in Strzyżów district. The authors analyze the relationship between the number of owners, number of the register plots in relation to the individual farms land area in the outer patchwork of land in analyzed villages. The patchwork of land is one of the major factors that have a negative impact on the organization and the level of agricultural production. It is also alongside the fragmentation and fragmentation of plots, one of the factors slowing down real estate cadastre reforms in Poland. It adversely affects the character of cadastral data. The cause of the fragmentation of land in the analyzed villages and the presence of a large number of external non-resident land owners were the demographic processes such as overpopulation of the countryside. Therefore, a phenomenon commonly observed in the region, have become migrations of people to cities in search of work or emigration from the country.
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Authors: Lidia Piotrowska, Wojciech Wilkowski
Title: THE PRINCIPLES OF CALCULATING PLANNING FEES, FOLLOWING THE DECISION
         BY THE CONSTITUTIONAL TRIBUNAL OF 2010
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.1.75

Published: 4 May 2016PDF [download]
The paper presents issues pertaining to the amount of planning fees (fees charged for a planning application) in the context of the decision by the Polish Constitutional Tribunal dated 9 February 2010, file symbol P 58/08. Authors discuss the principles of setting such fees before the aforementioned decision was issued, and the new fee calculation principles following the implementation of the Tribunal’s judgement. The Tribunal decision in question produced the change in the regulations of law concerning the calculation of planning fees, which up to that date caused many problems and difficulties, not only for the agencies responsible for setting and collecting the fees, but also for real estate evaluators and appraisers, who performed land valuations for the purpose of calculating planning fees.
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Authors: Robert Szewczyk
Title: MANAGEMENT OF SOLAR ENERGY
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.1.95

Published: 4 May 2016PDF [download]
The article addresses issues related to planning investments based on renewable energy resource, as exemplified by solar energy.
In the first part mean annual amounts of total solar irradiance in Poland are presented and legal conditions for development of this kind of technology with reference to the European Union regulations and to the Renewable Energy Resources Act of 20 February 2015. In the next part of the paper a distribution model of direct solar irradiance for the town and community (gmina) of Jordanów has been constructed. Mountainous character of this area, located in the south part of the Małopolskie voivodeship, means there are very good as well as very bad conditions of insolation. The results obtained by using the model were assigned to building plots and plots intended for development and than they were analysed with the aim of choosing optimal areas for green investments based on solar energy.
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Authors: Małgorzata Zofia Wilczkiewicz
Title: THE ROLE OF ARTIFICIAL LANDSCAPE IN RECREATIONAL PARKS — SELECTED EXAMPLES
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.1.105

Published: 4 May 2016PDF [download]
Artificial landscapes are the product of human thought and arise as a result of human activities, in contrast to the landscapes which arose naturally. Architectural landscapes for whom the archetype was nature were built in different historical periods over the centuries and in different cultures.
The leading role in building landscapes was played by China. For thousands of years, artificial landscapes were the expression of a particular Chinese conception of the universe. The fashion for Chinese gardens came to England with English sailors and quickly spread over the country. In the eighteenth century, the English created artificial landscapes, usually in devastated areas, as a counterproposal to the existing French style. Copied and modified, the English landscape garden style has become well known around the world and a permanent English contribution to the art world.
In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, English landscape garden style has spread across Europe and the United States. American landscape architect, Frederick Law Olmsted built Central Park and twenty years later Prospect Park in New York City. Both are the city’s most recognizable English landscape garden style parks in the United States. In the twentieth first century, the idea formed by Frederick Law Olmsted is further developed by Michael Van Valkenburgh, the author of three of New York City’s parks with numerous references to the English landscape garden style.
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