Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape
Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape
The second issue, No. 2
Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape


 

The first page (No. 2, 2014)
Scientic Board, Content
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Authors: Agnieszka Bitner, Jakub Bysina
Title: A STUDY OF REAL ESTATE MARKET IN KRAKÓW USING THE METHODS
          OF SPATIAL ECONOMETRICS
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2014.2.7

Published: 14 June 2014PDF[download]
The article presents implementations of statistics and spatial econometrics that can be used to study real estate market. The analysis covered the area of the administrative unit of Śródmieście district of Kraków. It is a very diverse area of research as it includes both the city core of Kraków and its outskirts. Śródmieście is divided into three districts: Stare Miasto, Grzegórzki and Prądnik Czerwony. The transactional data come from the notarial deeds drawn up in 2011. During that period 739 purchase/sale transactions of apartments were concluded. The purpose of the article is to create a map of the average prices of apartments situated in the administrative unit of Śródmieście. The analysis of the apartment prices was conducted both for the separate districts of cadastral reg istration (bounds, cadastral districts) and districts and for the whole administrative unit.
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Authors: Oleksandr Dorozhynskyy, Lubomyr Dychko
Title: WAYS OF IMPROVING THE ACCURACY OF DIGITAL AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY
          BY THE RAILWAY TRANSPORT INVENTORY
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2014.2.19

Published: 14 June 2014PDF[download]
The development of railway sector around the world has always been a vital issue, as it plays important social, financial and economical role and influences the development of the country a lot. Because of constant growth and modernizing of the railway sector all processes and items of land and property fund have to be monitored. On the basis of the world experience, trends in the development of methods and technologies of area mapping it has been established that for the inventory of land and property fund objects cartographic material at 1:500 or 1:1000 scales suits the most. With the large amounts of work (for example area of mapping and number of railroad objects) it is reasonable to use digital aerial photography and technology of digital data processing, in particular methods of digital photogrammetry. In order to increase the accuracy of creating the cartographic component, the authors suggest, when choosing the parameters of aerial photography, taking into account spatial resolution of camera system, its geometrical properties, the influence of external factors and first of all the atmospheric refraction. It has been proved that by highly precise aerial photography the accuracy of fixation of angular elements of camera orientation with the help of Inertial Navigation Systems (INS) may be insufficient. Therefore it is recommended to thicken core network using block phototriangulation. This paper presents the description and results of experimental work, which helped to create cartographic material from digital images at 1:3000 scale with an accuracy of 4-5 cm, which fully meets the requirements for holding inventory, monitoring, maintenance, design and construction.
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Authors: Małgorzata Dudzińska, Katarzyna Kocur-Bera
Title: ASSESSMENT OF LAND FRAGMENTATION FOR THE PURPOSE OF LAND CONSOLIDATION
          WORKS AS EXEMPLIFIED BY THE PASYM COMMUNE
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2014.2.31

Published: 14 June 2014PDF[download]
In Poland there are no uniform regulations and legal norms establishing the principles of space assessment aimed at determining the demand for land consolidation works. The article is an attempt to answer the following question: what factors are important today in determining the demand for this kind of works?
The factors were set on the basis of professional literature and on a questionnaire conducted on a group of specialists in land consolidation and on farmers. The aim of the questionnaire was to examine the preferences of chosen land fragmentation factors. The survey was carried out in the Pasym commune, situated in the Warmia and Mazury Voivodeship.
The results of the research show that the land fragmentation mostly depends on the number of land plots (parcels) in a farm, their distance to a settlement and the size of a land plot. The least significant factors in this respect proved: a size of a farm and its irregular shape. The research has confirmed a general tendency in spatial changes of small farms in the Warmia and Mazury Voivodeship.
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Authors: Oleksandra Dyda
Title: THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE POLISH ARCHITECTURAL HERITAGE IN ATTRACTIVENESS
          OF TOWNS IN LVIV REGION
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2014.2.45

Published: 14 June 2014PDF[download]
It is very typical for a modern city and especially a smaller town to become a spot of a particular tourist attraction due to its economic and cultural factors. This applies to towns of Lviv regions in Ukraine, owing to historic reasons as well as to the specific geographic location, their culture and architecture acquired special features. The Polish state contributed much to the distinctive character of their town dimension. The architectural buildings and monuments constructed between the fourteenth and nineteenth centuries are the important elements of the town dimensions of Lviv region. These elements play the vital role in the formation of town architectural attractiveness.
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Authors: Jacek M. Pijanowski
Title: LAND CONSOLIDATION DEVELOPMENT — DISSCUSION OF A NEW APPROACH
          RECOMMENDED FOR POLAND
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2014.2.53

Published: 14 June 2014PDF[download]
The article is an opinion in the ongoing discussion on the directions of the legislative changes in the field of rural structures in Poland, expressed mainly in connection with the forthcoming EU programming period 2014–2020. In the very centre of discussion is a new approach to planning and implementing investment activities related to land consolidation (defined as “land consolidation development”) in Poland.
If investments in post-consolidation development are realized in coordination with water engineering, land improvement and flood control, then even under Rural Development Programme (RDP) for 2007–2013 more funds can be raised for improving rural structures. A prerequisite for this is to create integrated guidelines for land consolidation projects.
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Authors: Beata Szafrańska
Title: THE ANALYSIS OF PLANNING POSSIBILITIES OF RURAL MANAGEMENT WORKS
          AS EXEMPLIFIED BY THE KOZŁÓW COMMUNE
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2014.2.65

Published: 14 June 2014PDF[download]
Rural management works are carried out for the purpose of creating more favourable conditions for management and use of agriculture areas. The activities are fundamental to comprehensive development of a village, farm and the protection and maintenance of natural environment. The principal goal of these works is the improvement and development of the structure of rural areas.
The paper indicates priority areas for planning of rural management works and especially for land consolidation works. The research was based on The programme of rural management works in the Kozłów commune [Program prac urządzeniowo-rolnych... 2011] and on geodesic and planning materials. Combination of various kinds of data obtained at District and Voivodeship offices of geodesy and cartography and their appropriate analysis have proved effective in identification of areas in the Kozłów commune most urgently requiring the improvement of the use and ownership structure of lands and in defining the areas where the current land use structure should be transformed. The condition of reasonable planning of rural management works, leading to an indication of priority areas for this kind of activities are — on the level of voivodeships — the consistent and synchronized spatial databases founded on the land and property register.
The analysis of geographic, natural, environmental, socio-economic, demographic conditions and of cartographic documents with the use of GIS tools led to the identification of three precincts: Przybysławice, Bryzdzyn and Wierzbica, urgently requiring rural management works.
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Authors: Andrzej Wałęga
Title: THE IMPORTANCE OF THE OBJECTIVE FUNCTIONS AND FLEXIBILITY ON CALIBRATION
          OF PARAMETERS OF CLARK INSTANTANEOUS UNIT HYDROGRAPH
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2014.2.75

Published: 14 June 2014PDF[download]
The paper compares the results of automatic calibration of Clark’s synthetic unit hydrographs. Optimal values of model parameters were determined by the objective functions: percentage error in peak flow (PEPF), percentage error in volume (PEV), peak-weighted root mean square error (PWRMSE), sum of absolute residuals (SAR) and sum of squared residuals (SSR). The last part of the analysis assesses the flexibility of studied model. The research was performed in the upland watershed of Grabinka — left tributary of the Wisłoka river located in Southern Poland. The analysis reveals that the smallest differences between the maximum flow in the observed and calculated flood culmination were obtained when applying PWRMSE function. This paper also indicates, that Clark’s model was efficient for describing the analyzed floods.

 

 

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