Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape
Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape
The second issue, No. 2
Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape


 

The first page (No. 2, 2016)
Scientic Board, Content
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Authors: Przemysław Baster
Title: STUDIES OF HISTORICAL MODIFICATIONS TO THE BERNARDINE
         MONASTERY GARDEN IN KRAKÓW AS THE BASIS FOR ITS REDISIGN
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.2.7

Published: August 4, 2016PDF[download]
Characteristics rules of composition of the Polish monastic geometric gardens, combined with the information on the history and the spatial changes in the Bernardine monastery garden in Kraków and the iconographic research on the discussed garden design, show its clear architectural and landscape character. The study indicates that there are no de facto differences in the views on its original form and underlying principles of composition. The Bernardine monastery garden was similar to other such garden designs in Poland, and its composition was based on the earlier medieval idea of the division of space into quarters planted with trees. Although over thecenturies, modifications were made to the course of the borders and the general form of the garden, it remains in the very same location and invariably presents its geometric layout. Currently, the original composition is less intelligible, and the land use is different from the historical one. This fact justifies the need to redesign the garden based on the spatial studies of its historical transformations.
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Authors: Piotr Bożek, Agnieszka Głowacka, Urszula Litwin, Magda Pluta
Title: USING GIS TOOLS TO OBTAIN ELEVATION MODELS
         FOR THE PURPOSE OF SPATIAL PLANNING
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.2.19

Published: August 4, 2016PDF [download]
The paper presents the possibilities of applying GIS tools in order to obtain elevation models for spatial planning. Digital Elevation Model (DEM) or Digital Terrain Model (DTM) can be created based on direct field measurements, vectorization of existing cartographic materials, observations from the air, or data obtained from radar systems placed on the Earth’s orbit, using radar interferometry. The research methodology was based on the use of GIS tools in the process of obtaining public (generally available) elevation data, and assessing suitability of that data, for instance, in the context of spatial planning. In the study, we have used data from airborne laser scanning, free data provided by CODGiK (Central Documentation Centre of Geodesy and Cartography) and data acquired from Google Earth software, among others. Data analysis was divided into 4 stages: the first was to estimate how large are the differences when creating a grid elevation model out of a cloud of points, using aggregation algorithms. The second stage of the analysis consisted in the comparison of the amount of the received free data, and the elevation model established based on the cloud of points – the LIDAR model. The next stage of the analysis was aimed at a mutual comparison of the elevation models created with free data. The last stage of the analysis concerned the comparison of the DSM (Digital Surface Model) with the free data acquired from the Google Earth.
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Authors: Agnieszka Cupak, Anna Górka, Bogusław Michalec, Andrzej Wałęga
Title: MEAN ANNUAL PRECIPITATION IN A MOUNTAIN RIVER CATCHMENT AREA
         IN THE PERIOD 1984–2012 (THE CASE OF KAMIENICA RIVER)
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.2.31

Published: August 4, 2016PDF [download]
The aim of the study is to evaluate the mean annual precipitation in the mountain river catchment area, in the period between 1984-2012. Data on daily rainfall totals was obtained from IMGW PIB in Warsaw, and it came from two weather stations: one in Nowy Sącz, and the other in Krynica. It has been demonstrated that during the multi-year period covered by the study, there were variations in terms of precipitation levels; the year 1987 should be considered extremely dry, while 2010, extremely wet — in the latter year, extreme rainfall was noted. In the analysed multi-year period, within the total annual precipitation, rain dominated during the first half year, which undoubtedly affects the hydrological regime of the Kamienica river.
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Authors: Bogdan Jankowicz
Title: EXAMINING THE IMPACT OF RECORDING LONG-SERIES IMAGES TAKEN
         FROM NON-METRIC CAMERAS ON OPTIMISATION OF MODELLING PROCESS AND 3D VISUALISATIONS
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.2.41

Published: August 4, 2016PDF [download]
In spite of the diversity of methods used in acquiring data images and later in the modelling process and spatial visualisation it is worthwhile to seek for alternative methods of optimizing the applied technique and processing method. Adopting costly solutions is not always necessary. For the purposes of terrain analysis and local assessments of landscape the author suggest to use the modelling method based on recording series images taken by non-metric cameras, guaranteeing economical, technically optimal and accurate solution of the problem. This claim is proven by the accuracy analyses of generated spatial visualisations and the results of calibration of chosen non-metric cameras.
The study confirmed the consistency of the results of control measurements — carried out by means of analyses of calibration reports in chosen non-metric cameras and an exemplary object’s spatial model created by a separate software – with the predictions made in the stage of theoretical considerations.
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Authors: Jarosław Janus, Mariusz Zygmunt
Title: MKSCAL — SYSTEM FOR LAND CONSOLIDATION PROJECT BASED ON CAD PLATFORM
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.2.49

Published: August 4, 2016PDF [download]
Consolidation works are a complicated and lengthy set of legal, technical and administrative operations. IT tools used in this process are developed in many countries, and the scope of their functions is very wide: from a decision-making aid, through support in solving technical aspects, to assisting the evaluation of the effects of consolidation projects. Practically all existing solutions are based on GIS systems, which has many advantages but also imposes some limitations related to supporting typically geodetic aspects of these works. The article presents a different approach to implementing this kind of projects, which is based on CAD platform. It is used as an aid in various stages of land consolidation works in more or less half of the area of Poland.
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Authors: Ihor Mykolayovych Kovalenko
Title: THE FORMATION AND STRUCTURE OF CLONES OF FOREST HERBS
         IN ECOSYSTEMS OF NORTH-EASTERN UKRAINE
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.2.61

Published: August 4, 2016PDF [download]
The clonal structure of forest herbs of north-eastern Ukraine, such as Aegopodium podagraria L., Asarum europaeum L., Carex pilosa Scop., Stellaria holostea L., has been examined using the total mapping method. The regularities of changes within the radii of clones, density of partial bushes and their age have been found out. The author has suggested an original statistical and graphical method which allows to estimate age state of each clone and make its land zoning.
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Authors: Zbigniew Koziara
Title: CONDITIONS FOR THE OCCURRENCE OF SELECTED AQUATIC PLANT SPECIES
         IN THE WATER BODIES OF THE MUNICIPAL PARK IN SKAWINA
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.2.77

Published: August 4, 2016PDF [download]
The study was conducted in an artificially formed fen, within the old basin of Skawinka river, in a municipal park located in the southwest part of Skawina town. The location and the conditions of the occurrence of selected species were characterized, by means of describing their positions and plotting them on the land survey and height map in the scale of 1 : 500 [Czarnota 1997]. The pH and salinity of the water were examined, the percentage of light reaching the plants was determined, and the organic matter content in the soil was measured. Understanding these conditions will make it possible to select the right species and varieties of plants, having the requirements compliant with the conditions existing in the tested water basin, which will enable their further development and maintaining attractive appearance.
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Authors: Karol Król
Title: DATA PRESENTATION ON THE MAP IN GOOGLE CHARTS
         AND JQUERY JAVASCRIPT TECHNOLOGIES
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.2.91

Published: August 4, 2016PDF [download]
The article presents selected software development tools and technologies that enable the presentation of statistical data on digital maps in the browser. The aim of the study was to describe them, and to conduct their comparative evaluation. In our studies, we have used ad-hoc tests, performed on the basis of usability and functionality, using the technique of self-evaluation. Based on the criteria of global popularity and availability, the following were subjected to ad-hoc tests: Google Visualization — Geomap and Geo Chart, as well as selected solutions developed on the basis of the jQuery JavaScript.
In conclusion, it has been demonstrated that the tested design and development technologies are complementary, while the selection of tools to carry out the design principles assumed remains at the discretion of the user.
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Authors: Przemysław Leń, Monika Mika
Title: ANALYSIS OF THE FLAWED SPATIAL STRUCTURE OF LAND
         IN SELECTED VILLAGES OF THE SOUTH-EASTERN POLAND
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.2.107

Published: August 4, 2016PDF [download]
Faulty spatial structure of villages in south-eastern Poland is a result of historical, socio-economic and demographic processes. They are responsible for many long-lived inconsistencies and errors in the Register of Land and Buildings (EGiB) acting as the Cadastre in Poland. The article discusses the problem of the flawed structure of the possession of land, land use and the fragmentation of cadastral parcels in the villages Konieczkowa and Lutcza in the Strzyżów District (powiat), Podkarpackie Voivodeship.
Correction of the flawed spatial structure of rural areas, through the known agricultural arrangement treatments such as consolidation and exchange of land, is a chance to improve the economic conditions of the Subcarpathian villages. This process is long-lasting, requiring the cooperation of local authorities with inhabitants and proper legal safeguards. The advantage of carrying out this process would provide a basis for EGiB reforms in order to transform it into the real estate cadastre.

 

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