Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape
Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape
The third issue, No. 3
Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape


 

The first page (No. 3, 2014)
Scientic Board, Content
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Authors: Andriy Babushka, Khrystyna Burshtynska, Lyubov Babiy
Title: THE CALCULATION OF RECEIVED OPTICAL POWER DURING AIRBORNE LASER SCANNING
          OF WATER OBJECT
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2014.3.7

Published: 12 September 2014PDF[download]
In this paper calculation of some physical parameters of the receiver of laser scanning system is presented. Basic physical principles of laser scanning of water objects are considered. Ranging standard deviation for typical parameters of laser scanning system are calculated. Formula for calculation of reflected optical power for specular reflective objects is proposed.
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Authors: Tomasz Bergel, Krzysztof Chmielowski, Jan Pawełek
Title: DEVELOPMENT OF WATER SUPPLY AND SEWAGE SYSTEMS IN RURAL AREAS OF MAŁOPOLSKIE
          AND PODKARPACKIE VOIVODESHIPS
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2014.3.17

Published: 12 September 2014PDF[download]
The paper presents the development of water supply networks and sewage systems in rural areas of Małopolskie and Podkarpackie Voivodeships in the Polish context. The scope of the thesis includes the analyses of length of water supply networks and sewage systems, number of people using them, number of water and sewage connections and volume of used water and volume of discharged sewage. The results of the study were presented in the graphs. The research material was taken from the reports on municipal infrastructure published by The Polish Central Statistical Office (GUS) for 2002–2012 and Local Data Bank (BDL) for 1995-2001. Though there has been a significant improvement in water supply and sewage systems, Poland will have great difficulty in meeting the requirements concerning their development in rural areas by 2015.
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Authors: Andrzej Białkiewicz
Title: POLISH ARCHITECTURE DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR, AS EXEMPLIFIED
          BY THE FISH HATCHERY CENTRE IN ŁOPUSZNA
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2014.3.33

Published: 12 September 2014PDF[download]
On the example of plan and construction of The Fish Hatchery Centre in Łopuszna, near Nowy Targ, constructed during the Second World War, exact analysis was carried out concerning forms and regional stylistic of its buildings. During the occupation Polish architects generally were not able to operate freely. However, many of them used every opportunity to make good and valuable architecture and they succeeded in designing excellent buildings despite severe restrictions imposed by Germans. The Centre in Łopuszna and some other projects were significant constructions free from the influence of German architectural style. Polish architects consciously and consistently tried to design buildings according to the characteristic features of Polish architecture. In that way, on the basis of the appreciation of local culture, the great architecture was made, which certainly is a flagship example in Polish architecture.
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Authors: Khrystyna Burshtynska, Bogdan Polishchuk, Judith Madyar
Title: THE DEFINITION OF THE AREA OF FELLING FORESTS BY HIGH RESOLUTION SATELLITE IMAGES
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2014.3.43

Published: 12 September 2014PDF[download]
The paper presents a hybrid classification method based on the determination of the optimal number of classes according to uncontrolled classification followed by image processing techniques of controlled classification.
A criterion for determining the optimal number of classes is proposed based on the definition of averaged values differences of average spectral brightness among the classes. Space images from satellites Ikonos (2002, 2007) and QuickBird (2010) were used to study different time cuttings in the forests of the Carpathian region.
A significant amount of ground observation was held for getting test information.
A Hybrid Classification Method is used for different time cuttings by QuickBird satellite images and implemented in a software environment of ERDAS Imagine. In order to obtain acreage of cuttings made for the period of 2002–2007 and 2007–2010, a comparative analysis of cuttings is introduced in these time intervals and their area is determined on the basis of the digital images of polygons in the ArcGIS software environment.
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Authors: Andrzej Gonet, Tomasz Śliwa
Title: POSSIBILITIES OF HEATING AND AIR-CONDITIONING OF BUILDINGS IN THE MOUNTAIN AREAS
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2014.3.55

Published: 12 September 2014PDF[download]
The mountain areas, due to their specificity, require special approach to issues concerning heating and air-conditioning of buildings. After presenting general information on demand for heat in a standard residential building, the forecasting of demand for final energy by particular branches of economy has been presented. Fossil fuels are most commonly used in heating buildings. In this kind of systems the heat is supplied to the consumer by means of heating pipes provided by heat power stations or combined heat and power stations or it is generated in boilers owned by the consumers. The remote heat source can also be energy from geothermal power station, as it is in the Podhale region. There is an alternative solution to these systems in the form of heat pumps that are often connected to borehole heat exchangers. Depending on the energy balance of the heating system and air-conditioning of a particular building the latter system can be additionally aided by solar collectors. This method requires only a power service connection, which is available almost in every building. Moreover, practical uses of the proposed system, which should be more widely applied in the mountain areas, have been described.
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Authors: Michał Stefaniuk, Andrzej Tytko
Title: OIL INDUSTRY IN THE CARPATHIAN AREA — AN OUTLINE HISTORY, CURRENT STATE
          AND DEVELOPMENT PROSPECTS
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2014.3.65

Published: 12 September 2014PDF[download]
The article presents an outline history, current state and development prospects of oil industry of the Carpathian area in Poland as compared to the Carpathian petroleum province. Polish part of The Carpathian Flysch Belt is considered to be a cradle of oil industry, the beginnings of which are related to mass distillation of oil and its industrial extraction. After dynamic development at the turn of 19th and 20th centuries there was a period of regression, which lasts till the present day. It was related to the exhaustion of old deposits and lack of discovery of the new ones. The prospects of further development of the industry depend on identifying deeper beds of the Carpathian orogen and of eastern and southern part of the Carpathian Foredeep, and on the development of exploration and extraction methods of the so-called unconventional deposits of hydrocarbons.
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Authors: Robert W. Włodarczyk
Title: THE CLIMATE POLICY OF THE EUROPEAN UNION AND ITS EFFECTS ON THE ECONOMY
          AND THE LABOUR MARKET IN POLAND
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2014.3.83

Published: 12 September 2014PDF[download]
The aim of the article is to show the possible effects of implementation of the European Union climate policy on the economy and the labour market in Poland. The specified research objective and introductory literature review were the basis of the following research hypothesis: the EU climate policy will cause great uncertainty in strategic sectors of the Polish labour market and economy. The hypothesis has been examined by a method based on critical analysis of Polish and foreign literature on the EU climate policy and its economic effects.
The critical analysis of literature and of available statistical data and economic forecasts confirmed the research hypothesis. It means that implementation of the EU climate policy will lead to considerable increase of uncertainty in the Polish labour market. The situation in traditional branches and sectors, such as mining, metallurgy, cement plants and traditional power plants industries is particularly worrying. On the other hand there is an expectation that in sectors based on green energy and in industries producing low emission technologies the demand for jobs will increase, but the scale of the increase is not clear and any predictions here may turn out to be incorrect.

 

 

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