Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape
Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape
The third issue, No. 3
Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape


 

The first page (No. 3, 2015)
Scientic Board, Content
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Authors: Rang Abdallah
Title: GEOMETRIC CHARACTERISTICS OF IRAQ’S RASTER TOPOGRAPHIC MAPS
         USED FOR AUTOMATIC UPDATING THE ROAD NETWORK
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2015.3.7

Published: 15 December 2015PDF [download]
This paper is devoted to the problem of road network extraction from raster image. The task of road network extraction is formulated in common view. The approach to the road map extraction has been proposed which can be applied for topographic map updating and is based on image clustering by k-means method and on application of scanning algorithm for extraction of road network fragments. Road map description is formed as set of linear fragments with knowing parameters. These linear fragments are created by merging of smaller parts. Experimental researches were implemented for maps of 10 Iraq cities. Experimental results show in average the extraction precision of 86% (in comparison with human expert).
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Authors: Bartłomiej Ćmielewski, Kazimierz Ćmielewski, Piotr Gołuch, Janusz Kuchmister, Izabela Wilczyńska
Title: MEASURING DEVICES SET FOR DETERMINING HEIGHT DIFFERENCES IN CONSTRUCTION WORKS
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2015.3.19

Published: 15 December 2015PDF [download]
During construction and maintenance of buildings it is necessary to transfer the height from the ground level to each floor. The transfer is realized by various methods, e.g. by geometric levelling, geometric levelling with the use of geodetic measuring tape, or by trigonometric levelling. The authors developed and made a set of measuring devices consisting of a benchmark table and plane mirrors enabling the transfer of height with the use of an electronic total station equipped with an option of measuring distance without using reflector prisms.
The paper presents the results of experimental studies carried out within the building of The Faculty of Environmental Engineering and Geodesy of the Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, with the use of the proposed measuring devices set.
The research work was based on functional and accuracy analysis and the analysis of the time of height transfer made by means of the studied measuring devices and was compared with the measurement results obtained by a precision level Leica DNA03.
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Authors: Oleksandr Dorozhynskyy, Radomir Obroslak, Yurii Stusyak
Title: RESEARCH METHODS FOR IMPROVING SATELLITE IMAGES BASED ON PAN-SHARPENING
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2015.3.29

Published: 15 December 2015PDF [download]
The authors of the article consider five classic methods to improve images with pan sharpening and it present their mathematical models and technological schemes, the estimation of their positive effects both on color distortion and fragmentation in spatial resolution. Results of impact methods were observed and compared in two software products: Erdas Imagine 10.0 and ArcGIS 10.2. For comparison were used satellite images with ultrahigh spatial resolution and high spatial resolution.
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Authors: Marcin Feltynowski
Title: THE CHANGE IN THE FOREST LAND SHARE IN COMMUNES THREATENED BY
         SUBURBANISATION AND THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PRINCIPLE
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2015.3.45

Published: 15 December 2015PDF [download]
The aim of the paper is to examine the scale of the depletion of forest lands in the areas bordering on the capitals of Polish voivodeships. The analysis of the communes around studied urban centres allows for the assessment of the local governments’ spatial development policy with reference to forest lands. The paper shows how local authorities prevent these lands from disappearing and how closely this task is related to the usage of the spatial information instruments such as land use plans (spatial development plans).
In the paper the index of the loss of forest land has been used. It estimates the percentage of the forest land that constitutes forest land intended for deforestation in land use plans with reference to the total area of forest land registered in a commune in 2013. Out of the 148 communes that border on capitals of voivodeships only 34 were qualified for the research, namely those with index of forest land depletion higher than its average value for Poland. One of the conclusions of the research is that areas particularly threatened by the loss of forest lands are those that border on Warsaw, Łódź and Lublin.
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Authors: Pelagia Gawronek, Bartosz Mitka
Title: THE USE OF TERRESTRIAL LASER SCANNING IN MONITORING OF THE RESIDENTIAL BARRACKS
         AT THE SITE OF THE FORMER CONCENTRATION CAMP AUSCHWITZ II-BIRKENAU
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2015.3.53

Published: 15 December 2015PDF [download]
The technological development of the remote sensing systems more and more often meets the requirements related to archiving the cultural heritage of humanity. Today, terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) is a very useful tool in acquiring spatial data about monuments of architecture. However, construction features of these monuments, their shape, size and kind of materials they are made of often set limits to the use of TLS technology in documentation of the condition of these objects. When archiving the state of barracks of the former concentration camp Auschwitz II-Birkenau proved necessary, the authors of this paper suggested and implemented the idea of monitoring the technical condition of the objects by using terrestrial (ground-based) laser scanning technology. This method, backed by a traditional geodesy, allowed for archiving the barracks’ state with a satisfactory accuracy, while minimizing the inconveniences caused by the construction features of buildings.
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Authors: Anna Gontarska
Title: FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS OF THE COHESION POLICY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF REGIONAL SPATIAL INFORMATION
         SYSTEMS IN POLAND — THE EXPERIENCES OF THE FIRST TEN YEARS OF POLAND’S MEMBERSHIP IN THE EU
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2015.3.61

Published: 15 December 2015PDF [download]
For 10 years Poland, as a member of the European Union, has been implementing the EU’s cohesion policy aimed at reducing the disparities in the social, economic and spatial development. The article is an analysis of the importance of cohesion policy instruments in the development of regional spatial information systems in Poland during the first 10 years of its membership in the EU. The identification of regions which capitalized on the opportunity given by the EU is provided and the level and structure of the EU funds used for that purpose are described. In conclusion, the effectiveness of activities related to the implementation of the cohesion policy, in the context of the development of Regional Information Systems in Poland, was confirmed.
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Authors: Bogdan Jankowicz
Title: THE INFLUENCE OF RECORDING OF LONG-SERIES IMAGES TAKEN FROM NON-METRIC CAMERAS ON
         INCREASING THE QUALITY OF MODELLING OBJECTS WITH THEIR SURROUNDINS
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2015.3.77

Published: 15 December 2015PDF [download]
The diversity of methods used both by acquiring data images and later in the creation of a 3D model of an object, gives an opportunity to choose the best possible technique and processing method. It is not always necessary to use the most expensive solutions.
In the terrain analysis and local landscape assessment the use of the modelling method, based on recording of series images taken by non-metric cameras, seems optimal, and is economically attractive.
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Authors: Karol Król
Title: THE DESCRIPTION AND COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF CHOSEN TOOLS AUTOMATIZING
         THE PROCESS OF CREATING INTERACTIVE MAPS OF SPATIAL OBJECTS
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2015.3.91

Published: 15 December 2015PDF [download]
Spatial data services play an increasing role in the exchange of information. The universal use of databases and digital cartographic resources has become possible thanks to the accessibility of computer tools and techniques, which until recently were reserved for small group of professional users.
The goal of the study is a characteristic and comparative analysis of some tools of automatizing the creation process of personalized, interactive digital maps. The chosen web applications offered by some web mapping services have been tested.
The analysis showed that the tested tools are relatively easy to use and do not require a specialist knowledge about geoinformatics. However their limited functionality means that only simple maps with numerous limitations can be created.
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Authors: Alexander B. Shandyba, Dmitry M. Shpetny
Title: POLLUTION MIGRATION FORECAST FOR SOIL-GEOCHEMISTRY MAPPING
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2015.3.101

Published: 15 December 2015PDF [download]
The migration of the moving dangerous chemicals in soil-water systems represents significant risk to public health and environment. At the present time there is growing scientific concern about the available predicting procedures for environmental assessment of contaminated sites and chemical spills. After considering the various approaches and geodata that may be involved, the stagnate zones model was recognized. The key problem to be considered here deals with the surface concentration distribution, risk evaluation and allowable residue levels for chemicals. It is possible to make forecast and ecology monitoring based on the proposed mathematical model with tabulated migration parameters of the contaminants and soils. The considered method can complement experimental work on the contaminated sites and assist with soil-geochemistry mapping.
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