Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape
Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape
The second issue, No. 3
Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape


 

The first page (No. 3, 2016)
Scientic Board, Content
PDF[download]
line

Authors: Przemysław Baster
Title: REDESIGN PROJECT FOR THE BERNARDINE MONASTERY GARDEN IN KRAKÓW,
         BASED UPON GUIDELINES RESULTING FROM ITS HISTORICAL MODIFICATIONS
         AND CONTEMPORARY FUNCTIONAL CONSIDERATIONS
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.3.7

Published: September 30, 2016PDF[download]
Bernardine monastery garden in Kraków boasts a history of several centuries, while the spatial changes that occurred therein have been described and illustrated by many authors. The present state of the compound in question is not contrary to the general principles of monastic gardens’ composition or to historical sources about this particular garden realisation. As a result, it was possible to develop a project for the redesign of the garden (approved by the Małopolska Regional Monument Conservation Authority), under which specific design solutions were adopted, legitimised by the data contained in written sources or resulting from the analysis of the historical plans of the garden.
line

Authors: Barbara Czesak, Katarzyna Cegielska, Bohdan Cherkes, Renata Różycka-Czas, Tomasz Salata
Title: FIELDWORK APPROACH TO DETERMINING THE EXTENT
         OF AGRICULTURAL LAND ABANDONMENT — CASE STUDY
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.3.21

Published: September 30, 2016PDF [download]
Agricultural land abandonment is an elusive phenomenon, as yet not fully defined. Even though it is common in Polish landscape, there are no measures to date that could quantify the phenomenon. Neither the data from the Central Statistical Office, nor the data from land registers include information on land abandonment. Therefore, there is a need for a systematic approach that could quantify and determine the extent of land abandonment.
A fieldwork approach was designed for the purpose, and research was conducted on a test area of Okocim village in Małopolska region. Vegetation cover that could indicate the existence of land abandonment on the agricultural areas — such as trees, brushwood, and grass cover — was examined using a representative sample of 145 test fields.
The fieldwork approach revealed that the extent of land abandonment in the test area is 37% of all areas officially classified as agricultural, which shows that the scale of the phenomenon is significant, and that there is a need to develop an approach to provide a more detailed picture of the distribution of land abandonment.
line

Authors: Kamila Dedio
Title: DELIMITATION AND ANALYSIS OF AREAS SUITABLE
         FOR THE LOCATION OF ECONOMIC ACTIVITY IN THE WIELICZKA DISTRICT
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.3.33

Published: September 30, 2016PDF [download]
The aim of this research was an attempt at selecting areas suitable for economic activity in the Wieliczka district (powiat) that would meet specific exclusion criteria and then to carry out an analysis of their investment attractiveness. Economic activity in this study includes investment objects that could negatively impact the environment and human health. A spatial database consisted of 39 thematic layers divided into 12 groups. Digital maps were taken from the Digital Library of Małopolska. Spatial delimitation was carried out with the use of Geographic Information System (GIS) and the MapInfo Professional 8 software. The analysis allowed to choose two areas suitable for economic activity in the Gdów and Wieliczka municipalities. The results of the study suggest that economic activity can be located in the selected area because it equipped with rich investment infrastructure enhancing its attractiveness for investors.
line

Authors: Agnieszka Głowacka, Magda Pluta
Title: A METHOD FOR MODELING SELECTED ELEMENTS OF A BUILDING BASED
         ON THE DATA FROM TERRESTRIAL LASER SCANNING
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.3.41

Published: September 30, 2016PDF [download]
Latest reports in subject literature, both Polish and international, testify to significant needs for the application of 3D models of architectural objects. There are many methods of 3D modeling, including methods of automatic extraction from point cloud, mesh nets, and manual methods. Despite being highly time-consuming, the manual methods still provide the best accuracy of fitting the model into a point cloud, which suggests the possibility of their use for various purposes, including 3D visualization, and architectural inventory taking. This article presents the methods of manual 3D modeling of the teaching facilities at the University of Agriculture, using the features of MicroStation V8i. The paper discusses examples of modeling the various elements of a research facility, including architectural details, while giving the exact procedure, as well as pointing to major causes of possible errors. In addition, the paper presents various levels of detail within the 3D models, taking into account the requirements of the CityGML standard, published by the Open Geospatial Consortium.
line

Authors: Agnieszka Głowacka, Magda Pluta
Title:THE APPLICATION OF GIS IN SPATIAL PLANNING
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.3.49

Published: September 30, 2016PDF [download]
The article presents the possibilities of using 3D GIS in town planning and urban design, in order to determine the maximum height of the planned development, taking into account the landscape of the modeled area. The increasing speed of the urbanization of valuable natural areas requires strict procedures for determining the parameters of the planned developments, in order to minimise the negative impact of newly designed buildings on the existing landscape. The article presents the procedure for determining the maximum height of newly designed buildings, using the available tools of ArcGIS software. As a result, we have obtained a differential model in the form of a TIN triangle mesh, on the basis of which we are able to determine unequivocally the acceptable height of buildings within the boundary of the given development.
line

Authors: Shizuka Hashimoto, Maiko Nishi
Title: POLICY EVOLUTION OF LAND CONSOLIDATION
         AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN POSTWAR JAPAN
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.3.57

Published: September 30, 2016PDF [download]
This paper examines the postwar evolution of land consolidation policy in Japan in light of change in its agenda, scope, approach, policy tools and contexts with the aim to identify its possibilities and limitations for rural development. With a focus on Land Improvement Act (LIA) and other relevant policy tools and schemes, it analyzes the distinctive traits of policy change for the five sequential periods of the postwar era that reflects on socio-economic and political trends. Highlighting the change from government-led and infrastructure-based approach to community-based and managerial-oriented one to land consolidation as an integrated part of broader agricultural and rural development policy, the study suggests future evolution of land consolidation policy that is likely to involve further diverse interests in sustainable development held by a broad range of stakeholders including rural, urban and international communities.
line

Authors: Katarzyna Kocur-Bera
Title: CLIMATE CHANGE AND ITS IMPORTANCE FOR AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.3.77

Published: September 30, 2016PDF [download]
Agricultural production, which takes place in rural areas, is the sector of the economy, which is the most dependent on the natural conditions of weather. The climate changes, which are taking place, and the extreme phenomena, which are their consequence, affect precisely these areas the most. The content of the present work is the exploration of the definitions of natural variability, extreme phenomena and disasters, and the analysis of the statistics on natural disasters. In the final part of the paper, we have indicated, which support instruments for farmers are available in such events on the part of the State. Climate change is a fact, and unless we realize that, it will be difficult to take any action allowing us to adapt to the new conditions.
line

Authors: Zbigniew Koziara
Title: MASHLAND AND AQUATIC P LANTS OF THE ARTIFICIAL
         WETLAND WITHIN THE MUNICIPAL PARK IN SKAWINA
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.3.89

Published: September 30, 2016PDF [download]
Observations of aquatic plants and marshland plants were conducted in an artificially formed fen, within the old basin of Skawinka river, in a municipal park located in the southwest part of Skawina town. The area selected for the study was determined based on the location of plant stands, representative for the whole body of water. Based on the analysis of the locations where the aquatic and marshland plants occurred, observations were made of selected species. When making the selection, we were guided by the criterion of the potential suitability of using these plants in garden plantings, planned subsequently. We have marked the locations of particular plant communities, and then applied them on the situational and altitude map, in the scale of 1:500 [Czarnota 1997], which is the basis for the design and planting in the area.
line

Authors: Malwina Mikołajczyk, Beata Raszka
Title: INDICATORS OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECT OF SPATIAL ORDER
         AS A TOOL FOR THE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION IN SUBURBAN AREAS
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2016.3.105

Published: September 30, 2016PDF [download]
The spatial range of the present analysis spans the rural and urban communities of Lower Silesia region. The aim of the study was to determine the needs in terms of environmental protection and development, due to environmental resources and equipment in the communal infrastructure. The environmental aspect of spatial order was evaluated. It was assumed that the implementation of the spatial order in the aspect of the environment is done by means of developing that environment, and especially by the presence / absence of the biotic (natural) elements and the presence / absence of technical infrastructure (utilities), as well as the proper use thereof. Analyses were performed using the following indicators: the share of protected areas in the total area of the community, the share of green areas in the total area of the community, forestation rates, share of the population using sewage system in the general population of the community, number of domestic sewage treatment plants and number of septic tanks per 1000 inhabitants, as well as the total municipal waste per capita. Rural and urban communities were compared. The data was obtained from GUS (Central Statistical Office), the local data bank. The results allowed for ranking the communities included in the study according to a hierarchy, and grouping them in the terms of spatial order in the environmental aspect.

 

Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape, ul. Balicka 253a, 30-198 Kraków, 2009-2016    Redaktor    Polityka cookies