Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape
Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape
The fourth issue, No. 4
Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape


 

The first page (No. 4, 2013)
Scientic Board, Content
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Authors: Ewa Cieślik
Title: REGIONAL FOOD — A NEW OUTLOOK ON THE MOUNTAIN AREAS
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2013.4.7

Published: 19 December 2013PDF[download]
Culinary tourism was characterized in the paper and the perspectives for its development were analyzed, as well as the possible uses of traditional and regional cuisine of the Podhale (mountain region of Małopolska) as a tourist product. Moreover, the cuisine of the Podhale Region was presented with its specialities, as well as the potential use of Polish regional cuisine in tourism to make it a tourist attraction, which may be of major importance for individual region or locality. It causes that a certain dish becomes identified with specific place, which attracts tourists to this region. Traditional dishes reflect also the customs prevalent in the given area; therefore a tourist may acquire information about the culture of the places he visits.
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Authors: Marta Czekaj, Janusz Żmija
Title: COMMON AGRICULTURAL POLICY TOWARDS THE DEVELOPMENT OF MOUNTAIN AREAS
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2013.4.21

Published: 19 December 2013PDF[download]
Mountain areas due to their specific character should be managed in that way, which delivers people from rural areas appropriate income, what enable preserving and maintaining social tradition, unique features of environment and cultural landscapes. Mountain areas and every activity connected with them are part of national heritage.
Maintain sustainable development of mountain areas requires continue of agricultural production and assuring appropriate economic conditions. Hence dwellers of mountain areas should have opportunity to earn in nonagricultural sources.
Development of mountain areas connected only with agricultural production would lead to the impoverishment of the local population. Hence to counteract this process, it is necessary to assure direct payments for farmers, and at the same time expand nonagricultural function of this region. It is necessary to enrich rural areas in the mountains by creating a diversity of natural and cultural landscape. And although may it be a conflict between the objectives of conservation and agricultural activity, it seems that they could be overcome against the benefits which such cooperation can bring people in mountain areas.
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Authors: Bianka Godlewska-Dzioboń
Title: CLIMATE POLICY OF THE EUROPEAN UNION AND POLISH LABOUR MARKET
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2013.4.35

Published: 19 December 2013PDF[download]
For many years the European Union has been taking ambitious actions as a part of climate policy and the related greenhouse gasses emission limitations, which are based on the will to become the world leader. These actions are also taken in Poland, as a part of restructuration of the main sectors of economy. Further transformation of Polish economy seems inevitable, especially taking into account the outside conditions and the market economy tendencies. However it is important for the transformations not to cause real threats for Polish economy, but to be used in a way that would create new opportunities and competitive advantages, as well as the increase effectiveness of management and work efficiency. The article aims to present costs related to giving up on conventional energy and increasing the usage of renewable energy sources, and their impact on Polish job market.
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Authors: Wiesław Musiał
Title: ECONOMICAL AND NATURAL VALUE OF MOUNTAINS IN EUROPE
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2013.4.45

Published: 19 December 2013PDF[download]
Despite its relatively small area European territory has many mountain ranges located in most of the countries. Land development in separate mountain ranges has a tendency to diversify. Not only is this phenomenon evident in regions with a great increase in agricultural, service sector, tourist and industrial functions, but also in regions which are agriculturally worthless and less economically valuable. Even though mountain areas in Europe are inhabited by more than 15% of population, the diversity of both particular countries and mountain ranges is large. Mountain areas, particularly in EU-15 countries, Switzerland and Norway, are as a rule poorly populated, while in Poland, Slovenia and Hungary these tendencies are disparate. Frequent phenomena facing mountain areas in Europe are an ageing of the local population and the rural depopulation. Mountains are of great significance for both the population and the diversity of continent’s fauna and flora, besides, the natural resources of mountains are described as “the undervalued ecological backbone of Europe”. The greatest value of mountains is attributed to their cultural diversity because mountainous areas are inhabited by numerous ethnic minorities differentiated by their culture, language, dialects and tradition. It should be noted that functions of mountains and their contribution to both the development and the living conditions of local population can be diversely classified. These functions, which include environmental, economical and sociocultural ones, have been known for ages. They can also be divided into the green — connected with nature, the white — connected with health care, the blue — concerned with water and the yellow — concerned with life-span and economic development. Sustainability of strong demography units is the key precondition for the maintenance of natural and cultural richness, as well as for the economic significance of European mountains.
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Authors: Grzegorz Olszyna, Tomasz Rokita, Andrzej Tytko, Marian Wójcik
Title: ROLE OF CABLE TRANSPORT IN THE MANAGEMENT AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE MOUNTAIN AREAS
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2013.4.63

Published: 19 December 2013PDF[download]
Cable transport has been used for a long time to move people in difficult terrain, mostly mountainous. Since the beginning of the 20th century, this means of transport is inextricably linked to mountain tourism, especially skiing. Cable cars and ski lifts have become the only means of transport for skiers in ski resorts. The article describes the development of cable transport in mountain areas and the benefits that followed. It also presents two examples of ski resorts, which had a significant contribution to development of tourism and skiing in mountain areas.
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Authors: Andrzej Rudnicki, Adam Tułecki
Title: NARROW-GAUGE RAILWAY BETWEEN KROŚCIENKO, SZCZAWNICA, PIWNICZNA, STARA LUBOVLA AS AN INSTRUMENT
          OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND INTEGRATION FOR TOURIST MUNICIPALITIES IN POLAND AND SLOVAKIA
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2013.4.75

Published: 19 December 2013PDF[download]
The paper describes the project of European initiative EUREKA “Ecological mountain railway as an element of the sustainable development of a tourist region in Poland” joining the spas of Piwniczna with Szczawnica. After presentation of the project scope and the partners, the municipalities which serves and links planned narrow-gauge railway have been characterized. Reflection of an idea for the railway in the existing strategic and planning documents has been identified. Functions of the railway and its situational and altitude alignment of its route are specified. The vehicles of the railway and the rules and examples for creating of schedules are generally characterized. The rules for construction of prognostic passenger flows by rail are described and selected results are quoted. The conclusions from the analysis of the environmental impact of the railway and the result of financial and economic analysis are presented. List of the expected main effects of the project and its potential impact on the development of transport technology is given. An idea of enlargement the territorial scope of the narrow-gauge railway project with proposal for its internationalization is presented. This includes extension of the route from the Szczawnica spa to the Krościenko spa and the branch route from the Obidza pass to the Stara Lubovna town in Slovakia. For this purpose an initiative will be taken to apply a research project of the European Union.
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Authors: Jan Sas
Title: NATURAL GAS AS TRANSPORTATION FUEL — AN OFFER FOR MOUNTAINOUS RESORTS
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2013.4.93

Published: 19 December 2013PDF[download]
In this article the current state of development of the market of the CNG vehicles was described. Then, the economic and ecological aspects of using this fuel and the factors of its safe exploitation were characterized. Based on that, in the article were presented the current propositions of activities of the European Union administrative organs, which propagate using these alternative fuels for vehicles, including the natural gas.
Finally, the attention was paid to possibilities of using the natural gas as a fuel in vehicles used in mountain and spa resorts.
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Authors: Antoni Tajduś, Krzysztof Tajduś
Title: THE USE OF TUNNELS TO DEVELOPMENT OF TRANSPORT IN MOUNTAIN AREAS
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2013.4.103

Published: 19 December 2013PDF[download]
The article presents several possibilities of using tunnels to solve traffic problems in the area of the Polish mountains. So far, in contrast to other countries in Europe and the World in Poland this kind of solution are benefited reluctantly. However, in the longer term, tunnels construction in conjunction with flyovers are cheaper solutions, safer and considerably reduce the negative impact of transport on the environment. The situation is beginning to change and recently in Poland increases interest in the underground construction, particularly tunnels in mountainous areas are observed. This paper describes the newly built tunnel in Laliki and planned to build tunnels in the area of Lubień, Poronin, Krynica-Zdrój, Jordanów and Węgierska Górka.

 

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