Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape
Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape
The fourth issue, No. 4
Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape


 

The first page (No. 4, 2014)
Scientic Board, Content
PDF[download]
line

Authors: Wojciech Anigacz
Title: CALCULATION OF TRANSIT TIMES WHEN TURNING WORKING MACHINES
          AT THE EDGES OF RECTANGULAR PLOTS
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2014.4.7

Published: 22 December 2014PDF[download]
The article presents the derivation of formulas for calculating the length of the sector and transit times of working machines at the edges of a rectangular plot. Working width of machines and the width and length of the patch were taken into account. This article is the first in a series devoted to the influence of the path length and the transit times on the edges of plots upon the decrease of net profit in agricultural farms.
line

Authors: Agnieszka Bitner, Piotr Nawrocki, Urszula Litwin
Title: USE OF METHODS OF CARTOGRAPHIC REPRESENTATION AND ECONOMETRICS
          FOR DEFINING THE CORRELATION BETWEEN REAL ESTATE PRICES AND A DISTANCE TO A CITY CENTRE
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2014.4.13

Published: 22 December 2014PDF[download]
The article presents using methods of cartographic representation and econometrics and statistical description to defining the correlation between unit prices of an undeveloped land property and a distance to a city centre. Sold undeveloped land located within administrative boundaries of the city of Jasło have been the subject of the study.
line

Authors: Henryk Bryś
Title: THE PROBLEM OF HORIZONTAL REFRACTION IN SETTING OUT TUNNEL CONTROL NETWORKS
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2014.4.25

Published: 22 December 2014PDF[download]
The paper presents the problem of the influence of non-uniform horizontal refraction field of the measurement environment on the results of determining the astronomical azimuths and transferring the coordinates in the geodetic tunnel network. The concept of a modular network alignment with simultaneous elimination of the effects of horizontal refraction is presented. Automatic TOTAL STATION and the results of precise angles and distances measurements allow currently effective multi stage linear-angular networks adjustment during tunnelling. The results of the innovative group tunnel networks adjustments are the coordinates of the network points and the elimination of existing disruptions in the course of the sight line. The results achieved so far for theoretical studies of horizontal refraction elimination and error ellipses forecasts for long tunnel networks were presented.
line

Authors: Barbara Prus, Łukasz Budz
Title: THE ASSESMENT OF LAND COVER IN THE NOWY TARG COMMUNE WITH PARTICULAR FOCUS
          ON THE AREA OF NATURA 2000
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2014.4.37

Published: 22 December 2014PDF[download]
The rural landscape in Poland has been changing for the past several dozen years. The changes are visible in the land use and land cover. Technological progress, changes in people’s outlook and a low profitability of agriculture resulted in transformations of rural landscapes, especially in the areas of high level of land fragmentation, as it is the case in the south part of Poland. These changes are accompanied by growing awareness of environmental or cultural landscape protection related issues. Recent years have also brought new forms of environmental protection, for example the programme Natura 2000, being the result of agreements with European Union. The network of Natura 2000 cover the areas of special protection of birds, habitats, and according to the Act on Nature Conservation — areas of special interest for the Community. The goal of this form of protection is a preservation of valuable or engendered elements of biodiversity. The question arises then whether in the era of landscape transformations and changes of land cover qualifying a particular area as part of Natura 2000 network has any influence on the way of land use. The aim of the article is an analysis and evaluation of land cover changes, also in the areas covered by Natura 2000 programme, within the piedmont commune of Nowy Targ in Małopolskie Voivodeship. Moreover, a thesis is proposed that submontane lands, specifically used, due to large terrain height differences, are faced with less intense urbanization pressures and land transformations. Is it also the case of the Nowy Targ commune, covered in more than 22% by the Natura 2000 areas?
line

Authors: Małgorzata Dudzińska, Katarzyna Kocur-Bera
Title: RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME IN POLAND, THE CZECH REPUBLIC AND AUSTRIA
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2014.4.49

Published: 22 December 2014PDF[download]
For several reasons, rural areas in Poland developed much more slowly than urban areas, and to a large extent, they have been neglected. The situation was much improved after Poland’s accession to the EU, with continuous flow of funds for the development of agriculture. These actions facilitated faster development of such areas, while the structure of the latter has improved. The current instrument for the implementation of the EU policy for rural areas, operating within the second pillar of the Common Agricultural Policy, is the Rural Development Programme for the years 2007-2013 (RDP 2007-2013).
The present document contains a comparative analysis of the Rural Development Programme 2007-2013 as implemented within three states, namely: Poland, Austria, and the Czech Republic. General conditions and limits to the granted financial assistance have been determined in the EU regulations, therefore they can not differ between Poland, the Czech Republic, and Austria. What differs, however, is the projects and investment tasks implemented within particular measures.
In the article, the aforementioned countries have been compared in terms of rural areas, and in terms of measures implemented within the Rural Development Programme in each of them. It has been noted that there have been 44 measures implemented within the Rural Development Programme 2007-2013, while only 19 of these are implemented within thematic axis 2 — improving the environment and countryside. Poland is implementing 26 measures in total, the Czech Republic is implementing 32, and Austria — 31. The highest amount of financing per country’s area went to Austria, and the lowest — to the Czech Republic. The Czech Republic possesses the most favourable structure of the rural areas, while Poland possesses the least favourable structure thereof. In the present work, the method of logical and descriptive analysis was employed, based on the Polish and international subject literature.
line

Authors: Mateusz Jawor, Tadeusz Gargula
Title: DETERMINATION OF GEODETIC CONTROL NETWORK POINTS USING GPS TECHNOLOGY
          FOR THE PURPOSE OF MONITORING POWER LINES IN DIFFICULT TERRAIN CONDITIONS
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2014.4.65

Published: 22 December 2014PDF[download]
The present work discusses the issue of determining geodetic control network in order to monitor the condition of power lines. The problem was presented using the example of the physical survey of an actual infrastructure — a high voltage power line. Difficult terrain conditions constituted a significant factor for determining an appropriate measurement method. The measurement itself was conducted using two methods, independently of one another: the classical traverse method, and the RTK (Real Time Kinematic) GPS method. The following criteria were assumed for the purpose of the comparison: measurement effectiveness and the accuracy of the calculation result. Basic monitoring procedures of power lines were also presented, implemented based on the measurement network established beforehand.
line

Authors: Joanna Gil-Mastalerczyk
Title: FINANCIAL IMPACT OF ADOPTING LOCAL SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT PLANS
DOI: 10.15576/GLL/2014.4.77

Published: 22 December 2014PDF[download]
Under the Law on Spatial Planning and Development of 27 March 2003, many municipalities and cities in Poland are obligated to draw up a zoning plan — one of the main instruments (in addition to the budget, local development program of a territorial unit, and the feasibility study) for the implementation of local economic policy. This situation exposes local government units to considerable financial implications associated with the adoption of the plan and its consequences.
In the current formal and legal reality, urbanization and space management generate huge costs, resulting in negative financial results. Failing to prepare the local plan can protect municipal budget from those costs, on the other hand, as a consequence the lack of such plan prevents rational implementation of spatial planning. This can lead to investment activities conducted under random, uncoordinated decisions, and even to urban chaos.
The article makes an attempt to analyze this problem, presented on the basis of pertinent laws, and insights arising from the direct experience of the author — as a practitioner who handles the contents of local development plans daily.

 

 

Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape, ul. Balicka 253a, 30-198 Kraków, 2009-2016    Redaktor    Polityka cookies